Works Made for Hire
Intellectual Property

Works Made for Hire

Introduction To register a work with the U.S. Copyright Office, you generally must identify the author or authors of that work. In addition, you must identify the party that owns the copyright in the work. Ordinarily, the author is the person or persons who actually created the work you intend to register. “Works made for…

Steps After Filing a Federal Trademark Registration Application
Intellectual Property

Steps After Filing a Federal Trademark Registration Application

After you file an application for a federal trademark registration, you need to wait for the USPTO to begin processing. The entire process usually takes 9-12 months but can take longer if complications or “office actions” arise. This article explains the steps that an application for a federal trademark follows. USPTO Reviews Application After the…

U.S. Trademark International Class List
Intellectual Property

U.S. Trademark International Class List

U.S. Trademark International Classes This is a list of classes selected when applying for a trademark registration in the United States: International Classes Goods 001  Chemicals 002  Paints 003  Cosmetics and Cleaning Preparations 004  Lubricants and Fuels 005  Pharmaceuticals 006  Metal Goods 007  Machinery 008  Hand Tools 009  Electrical and Scientific Apparatus 010  Medical Apparatus…

Keeping Trade Secrets Confidential: Non-Disclosure Agreements
Intellectual Property

Keeping Trade Secrets Confidential: Non-Disclosure Agreements

To show that particular information is a trade secret, a firm . . . must demonstrate that it is valuable, not known to others who might profit by its use, and has been handled by means reasonably designed to maintain secrecy. – U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, IDX Systems Corp. v. Epic…

Zerorez v. U.S. Olympic Committee – Memo in Opposition to Motion to Dismiss
Intellectual Property

Zerorez v. U.S. Olympic Committee – Memo in Opposition to Motion to Dismiss

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF MINNESOTA HSK LLC (d/b/a ZEROREZ) v. UNITED STATES OLYMPICS COMMITTEE Civil File No. 16-civ-02641 (WMW-KMM) PLAINTIFF’S MEMORANDUM OF LAW IN OPPOSITION TO DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO DISMISS Plaintiff HSK LLC (“Zerorez”) submits this memorandum of law in opposition to Defendant United States Olympics Committee’s (“USOC”) motion to dismiss….

Can You File Trademark Cases in State Court? Yes.
Intellectual Property

Can You File Trademark Cases in State Court? Yes.

Trademark infringement lawsuits are usually brought in federal court, but the law does not prohibit such cases from being adjudicated in state court. Federal courts have original jurisdiction in trademark cases. 28 U.S. Code § 1338(b). However, federal courts do not have exclusive jurisdiction in federal courts. This was recently explained by a state district court…

Do You Need Patent, Trademark or Copyright Protection?
Intellectual Property

Do You Need Patent, Trademark or Copyright Protection?

Your business has unique products or services. What type of intellectual property protection do you need to make sure that your competitive advantage is not exploited by others? It is important to understand whether you should file for a patent, a trademark, a copyright — or all three. While patents, trademarks and copyrights are all…

Zerorez v. U.S. Olympic Committee – Lawsuit
Intellectual Property

Zerorez v. U.S. Olympic Committee – Lawsuit

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF MINNESOTA   HSK LLC, d.b.a. ZEROREZ,   Plaintiff,   vs.   United States Olympic Committee,     Defendant.     Court File No.0:16-cv-02641 HSK LLC v. United States Olympic Committee   COMPLAINT   Plaintiff HSK LLC, for its Complaint against Defendant United States Olympic Committee, states and alleges as…

USOC Email to Minnesota Business Owner
Intellectual Property

USOC Email to Minnesota Business Owner

From: Karissa Johnson Sent: Wednesday, July 20, 2016 6:20 AM To: [Name Redacted]  <[email protected]> Subject: Trademark rules Hello, I am hoping to understand better the rules related to social media use of the term Olympics and related terms. I understand my business cannot have any Olympic-themed events or anything. But what I’m confused about is whether we can discuss…

Zerorez v. U.S. Olympic Committee – A Social Media Free Speech Case
Intellectual Property

Zerorez v. U.S. Olympic Committee –
A Social Media Free Speech Case

On August 4, 2016, JUX filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Olympic Committee (USOC) in U.S. District Court on behalf of Zerorez of Minnesota over the right to talk about the Olympics on social media. Case: HSK LLC, d.b.a. ZEROREZ v. United States Olympic Committee Court file number: 0:16-cv-02641 HSK LLC v. United States Olympic Committee…

Copyrights: Online Content Best Practices
Intellectual Property

Copyrights: Online Content Best Practices

Copyright protects original works of authorship, including literary works (which includes computer programs), dramatic, musical (including lyrics), artistic (including pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works), motion pictures and other audiovisual works, sound recordings, architectural works, compilations, collective works, and derivative works. A copyright gives its owner the exclusive right to reproduce the work, sell or distribute the work, make derivatives based upon it,…

Use-in-Commerce vs. Intent-to-Us: Federal Trademark Registration Application Help
Intellectual Property

Use-in-Commerce vs. Intent-to-Us: Federal Trademark Registration Application Help

When filing a federal trademark registration application, you must indicate whether the mark is already used in commerce (“use in commerce”) or you intend to use the mark in commerce in the future (“intent to use”). What is “use-in-commerce” in a trademark registration application? A “use-in-commerce” basis occurs when the trademark is being used in…

Patents:  The Six Most Frequently Asked Questions
Intellectual Property

Patents: The Six Most Frequently Asked Questions

Innovation, invention, and the process of translating ideas into products and services has been, and remains, a major factor in Minnesota’s economic growth. Indeed, in today’s world that process has even greater importance in light of national productivity and international competitiveness. The below frequently asked questions are an introduction for inventors and entrepreneurs on how…

How to Trademark a Series of Books, Movies, or Other Artistic Works
Intellectual Property

How to Trademark a Series of Books, Movies, or Other Artistic Works

Series Trademark Registration How do you trademark the title of a book series, movie series, or other artistic works? This is a question authors and artists often ask. Fortunately, the United States Trademark Office allows you to trademark a series of books, movies, or related titles of other artistic works. The United States Trademark Office…

Trademark Licensing
Intellectual Property

Trademark Licensing

Trademark Licensing Checklist A trademark license involves an agreement between two parties where one part who owns a trademark allows a second party to “license” the trademark’s use. The party that owns the trademark is the “licensor” and the party that is using the trademark is the “licensee.” The trademark license agreement will discuss, generally,…

Defending Trademarks
Intellectual Property

Defending Trademarks

What Types of Trademarks Are the Easiest to Defend? Types of trademarks fall into one of five categories based on their distinctiveness. The categories are also known as the “Abercrombie Classification” from the seminal case Abercrombie & Fitch Co. v. Hunting World, 537 F.2d 4 (2nd Cir. 1976). The more distinctive a mark, the easier…

Trademark Registration: Use These Examples (Specimens) to Show Use
Intellectual Property

Trademark Registration: Use These Examples (Specimens) to Show Use

What Examples (a.k.a. “Specimens”) Do I Need to Show Trademark Use? Trademark registration requires you to show the actual use of your trademark within the context of your offerings to the public. These examples are called specimens. Specimens show how you actually use your mark with your goods or services. Specimens are not the mark alone—they show your mark…

Copyrights: Frequently Asked Questions
Intellectual Property

Copyrights: Frequently Asked Questions

What is a Copyright? A copyright grants the creator of an original work in a fixed tangible medium of expression exclusive rights to the work’s distribution, generally for a limited time. What Kind of Works Does a Copyright Protect? The original works protected include: literary works musical works, including any accompanying words dramatic works, including…

Trademark: Secondary Meaning, Distinctiveness & Confusingly Similar
Intellectual Property

Trademark: Secondary Meaning, Distinctiveness & Confusingly Similar

U.S. Supreme Court Articulates Secondary Meaning, Distinctiveness & Confusingly Similar In December 2014, the Supreme Court of the United States heard oral arguments in two trademark cases. It has been almost ten years since the Court has issued any substantive decision involving trademark law. One of the two cases was B&B Hardware v. Hargis. (The…

Are Similar-Sounding Songs Copyright Infringement?
Intellectual Property

Are Similar-Sounding Songs Copyright Infringement?

The “Blurred Lines” Copyright Lawsuit Heads to Trial In a rare move these days, the trial between Robin Thicke, Pharrell Williams, Clifford Harris Jr. (better known as rapper “T.I.”) and Marvin Gaye’s family has begun. Marvin Gaye’s children, Nona, Frankie and Marvin III allege in the copyright infringement case that the song “Blurred Lines” directly…

Trademark: Tacking, Legal Equivalent & Confusingly Similar
Intellectual Property

Trademark: Tacking, Legal Equivalent & Confusingly Similar

U.S. Supreme Court Rules on Tacking, Legal Equivalent & Confusingly Similar In December 2014, the Supreme Court of the United States heard oral arguments in two trademark cases. It has been almost ten years since the Court has issued any substantive decision involving trademark law. One of the two cases was Hana Financial v. Hana Bank. (The…