Employers should be aware of certain laws and regulations regarding the hiring and employment of minors in Minnesota. If you are a business that employs minors an experienced Minnesota employment attorney can help advise you on your legal rights and options.

Unemployment Insurance Benefits for Minors in Minnesota

Like adults, a minor may be covered by unemployment insurance if the minor satisfies the statutory requirements regarding eligibility. Minn. Stat. § 268.035, subd. 12. However, minors in the following employment areas are not eligible for unemployment compensation:

  1. agricultural labor performed by a child under 16 for an employer not covered by federal unemployment tax law;
  2. service performed by a child under 18 in the employ of a parent;
  3. work performed by a student for an academic or vocational program;
  4. work performed at a school or university by a student enrolled there;
  5. work performed for academic credit; and
  6. newspaper delivery by anyone under 18.

Minn. Stat. § 268.035, subds. 11 (6), 20 (18), (20), (21), (22), (31)

Employing Minors Services

Minnesota Child Labor Act (MCLA)

Many different factors control the ability of children to work. The MCLA controls what time of the day, how long, and what days children can work.

Minor Workers’ Compensation

The workers’ compensation system compensates injured minors as well as adult employees.

Child Labor Standards

The Minnesota Child Labor Standards Act restricts the age, days and hours, and occupations of working minors. Minn. Stat. §§ 181A.01 to 181A.12. The Commissioner of Labor and Industry may grant exemptions from these restrictions if the commissioner finds that the exemption is in the minor’s best interests.

Minor Minimum Wage

Minnesota employers not subject to federal minimum wage requirements may pay an employee under 20 years of age a wage of $4.90 per hour during the first 90 consecutive days of employment.


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