Whistleblowing refers to the idea that a employee can make a complaint against their employer regarding a problem they have encountered without the fear of retaliation by the employer. Employers cannot act against an employee if they: report a violation or suspected violation of any federal or state law, are requested by a public body or office to participate in an investigation, refuses an employer’s order to perform an act they believe may violate state or federal law, report a violation by a health care provider, or a public employee reports the findings of a scientific or technical study they believe is accurate. When filing a report to a government body or law enforcement official, the identity of the employee may be private data. It is important for employers to understand these rights so that they do not find themselves on the wrong end of an expensive whistleblowing case.

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